Original provider: Tethys Research Institute Dataset credits: Tethys Research Institute; Institute for Environmental Protection and Research - ISPRA Abstract: Monitoring abundance and distribution is essential in any conservation strategy, but is often ignored in many regions, including much of the Mediterranean. It is a priority of the Italian Ministry of the Environment, who funded a series of aerial surveys around Italy, to provide significant baseline information on cetaceans distribution and abundance. The covered areas included the Pelagos Sanctuary, the Central Tyrrhenian, the Corsica and Sardinia Seas, and the Ionian Sea and the Gulf of Taranto. Numbers of animals within the Sanctuary are significantly higher in summer, when human activities and thus potential population level impacts are highest. A crude comparison with data from past shipboard surveys suggests an appreciable decrease in fin whale density in the Pelagos Sanctuary area over the last decade, reiterating the need for a major synoptic basinwide survey, as well as regular monitoring surveys. The low CVs and CIs reconfirm the effectiveness of aerial surveys in estimating abundance of certain cetacean species in suitable areas/circumstances and may provide a model for other areas of the Mediterranean. These surveys provide baseline data to develop efficient long-term systematic monitoring programmes, as required by a number of national and international frameworks. The collected data may also be crucial in assessing whether ship strikes, one of the main causes of death for fin whales in the Mediterranean, are affecting the Mediterranean population. Supplemental information: Effort data are from 2009 only. When time and observed counts were not available, "00:00:00" and "1" was filled in, respectively.
The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 1,142 records.
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Researchers should cite this work as follows:
Lanfredi, C. and G. Notarbartolo di Sciara. 2011. Tethys Research Institute aerial survey cetacean sightings 2009-2011. Data downloaded from OBIS-SEAMAP (http://seamap.env.duke.edu/dataset/776) on yyyy-mm-dd.
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This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: bbf53f93-852f-466d-88ad-b9e1327f9215. OBIS-SEAMAP publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by Ocean Biodiversity Information System.
Occurrence,Aircraft,Sightings; Observation; Occurrence
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|Bounding Coordinates||South West [36.044, 5.882], North East [44.294, 19.025]|
Scientific names are based on the Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).
|Order||Cetacea (cetaceans), Cetacea (cetaceans)|
|Species||Balaenoptera physalus (Fin Whale), Globicephala melas (Long-finned Pilot Whale), Grampus griseus (Risso's Dolphin), Physeter macrocephalus (Sperm Whale), Stenella coeruleoalba (Striped Dolphin), Tursiops truncatus (Common Bottlenose Dolphin), Ziphius cavirostris (Cuvier's Beaked Whale)|
|Start Date / End Date||2009-01-12 / 2011-01-19|
No Description available
|Title||Tethys Research Institute aerial survey cetacean sightings 2009-2011|
The personnel involved in the project:
Method step description:
|Parent Collection Identifier||OBIS-SEAMAP|
marine, harvested by iOBIS